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Concurrently, large numbers of Germans flee political and economic unrest.Rapid settlement of the West begins with the passing of the Homestead Act in 1862.
1775-1865 Around the time of the Revolutionary War, the New York merchant Samuel Ellis purchases the island, and builds a tavern on it that caters to local fisherman. War Department pays the state for the right to use Ellis Island to build military fortifications and store ammunition, beginning during the War of 1812.Thanks for helping us achieve our mission of helping everyone learn how to do anything.Ellis Island is a historical site that opened in 1892 as an immigration station, a purpose it served for more than 60 years until it closed in 1954.Ellis dies in 1794, and in 1808 New York State buys the island from his family for ,000. Half a decade later, Ellis Island is used as a munitions arsenal for the Union army during the Civil War. There is little regulation of immigration when the first great wave begins in 1814.Meanwhile, the first federal immigration law, the Naturalization Act, is passed in 1790; it allows all white males living in the U. Nearly 5 million people will arrive from northern and western Europe over the next 45 years.